HMO, PPO, and EPO. What Do They Mean?

health-2082630_960_720You’re most likely looking at these acronyms thinking, “What.”, and wondering what do they all mean? Well, each of these acronyms are different types of health insurance plans that have different features, and it’s up to you to decide which one best suits you!

HMO stands for Health Maintenance Organization, and these types of plans usually have cheaper monthly premiums and lower cost-sharing than other types of plans, but this comes at a disadvantage since you must get primary care provider referrals to see a specialist (Known as PCP referrals) which means you have to get a referral from your regular doctor to see a specialist, and these plans usually won’t pay if you go outside their network of preferred doctors.

PPO stands for Preferred Provider Organization and are called this because they have a network of doctors that they “prefer” you to use— but you can still go to a doctor that is outside their network if you want. Due to this freedom in your choice of doctor, you will face a higher premium than an HMO or EPO in comparison, but some find this preferable to the other plans. A lot of times you would get this type of coverage through an employer, but it is possible to get it as an individual as well!

EPO stands for Exclusive Provider Organization, and these are somewhat of a hybrid of an HMO and a PPO. With an EPO you have to stay within an “exclusive” list of doctors to use, and if you use an out-of-network doctor you won’t be covered at all. But there is an upside to this type of plan, as you do not have to see a primary care physician to go to a specialist (But the specialist has to be in-network!), and you do save money in comparison to a PPO.

family-2073604_960_720When making your decision, just decide what you think is best for you and your family, and which features are most important to you—just take your pick!

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What Will You Need When Applying for Health Insurance

If you want to make the process of getting health insurance easier for you, then look no further! In this weekly installment I will give you a rundown on what information you should bring, this way you’ll save time and you won’t hate the process as much as other folks have in the past!

calendar-660670_960_720With Open Enrollment just around the corner on November 1st (Ends on December 15th!), it is important to get everything you will need ready so you can make it a quick and painless process. You will need the typical information such as your name, address, social security number, and birthdate— but you’ll also need all that information for anyone that will have coverage under your plan as well!

You’ll also have to bring employer and income information for everyone in your household— so W-2 forms and pay stubs would be good examples of what to have. You will also need to estimate the amount of income you anticipate for 2019 as well,  and you can use your pay statements and W-2s to figure this information out, kill two birds with one stone! obama-1301891_960_720

Another piece of information will need to bring would be your current health plan for you and any other plans that apply to anyone you are going to provide coverage for. So round up all of this information, put it into a manila folder, and show it to your insurance agent so you can get in and out quicker than you can say “Health Insurance”! (In reality it won’t be that quick, but you know what I mean!)

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How Much Life Insurance Do You Need?

question-mark-2492009_960_720This can be a tricky question, but there are a couple of ways to go about finding the right amount that you need without wanting to pull your hair out!

You can calculate how much you need and base the question on what kind of financial picture you find yourself in now, and what kinds of financial milestones will you want to cover. This can be a useful method if you have children or are a meticulous person— but I know that some of us would like a more simple method.

A more elegant solution to this question is just buying coverage equal 5 to 10 times your annual salary, so if you make $60,000 per year you’ll want to have a policy of $300,000 to $600,000 depending on how much of a premium you’d like to pay per month. money-1885540_960_720

Using either of these methods, anyone establish the amount that they think their family will need in the event of their passing. You can include things like college tuition, ability to pay estate taxes, and even other expenses like a first car for a child or grandchild— just be sure to calculate it in before making your decision!

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What Is The Difference Between Term and Permanent Life Insurance?

There are two different types of life insurance policies: Term and Permanent. Term policies are set over a period of time and usually are much more affordable than buying a permanent plan. Term plans are usually used when you are safeguarding against pre-mature death, and this is done for many different reasons, such as working in a


Example of a dangerous job!

dangerous field/environment, or lack of savings or other sources of family income. So just remember, as long as your payments are up to date during your term, you’ll be just fine!


With a Permanent Life insurance policy, you’ll be covered until you pass away—but just like a Term policy you will have to always pay on time or you’ll lose your coverage! Permanent policies are used for estate planning and are also used to transfer wealth to beneficiaries, but since these policy payouts are usually pretty large it raises the prices of premiums for Permanent policies a lot more than a Term policy.

money-2696229_960_720One strategy to use if cannot afford a permanent policy yet is to use a Term policy until you feel that you are ready to take on the higher premium—that way you can have access to life insurance for a lot less than it would for the same amount of Permanent insurance!

By Aaron Young
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How Does Life Insurance Work?

money-2696219_960_720A life insurance policy provides your family a lump sum payment if you happen to pass away as to ensure their financial security in the wake of your absence. It’s a simple, but very effective concept that can ensure your family’s livelihood for years to come.

When you buy a life insurance policy you essentially enter into a contract with the insurance company that guarantees a payment to your beneficiaries (Assuming you kept up with your premiums!). paper-3224639_960_720The upside to this process is there is almost no delay with the payment upon death and there is a factor of privacy since there is no probate period (These processes usually are made public, so anyone can see) for your beneficiaries to go through—and this payment is typically tax-free!

If you have a Term life insurance policy, this period of protection will only last through the life of the policy (10, 20 years for example), and a Permanent policy lasts through your death assuming you always pay your premiums on time! Both of these types of insurances can be very useful when utilized correctly, so find which one is the best fit for you!

By Aaron Young
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Life Insurance: Why You Should Be At Least Talking About It


Talking about stressful subjects such as life insurance over coffee does help!

Talking about life insurance is never fun, and it is not a process that anyone wants to undertake—but it is a mandatory conversation that all people need to have at some point in their lives. It can be a crucial element to a financial plan and should be created and set-up when waters are calm and while you are still young. The reason I say this is due to how many people wait until they are up against a wall and are forced to buy it— usually at a much higher price.

If you do decide to take action and start to plan these situations out, you’ll notice that it is much cheaper to start a plan the earlier you start your coverage. Reason being is there is less risk for the insurance company when you are younger, versus the higher risk of payout for an older person; so in short, higher risk for the insurance company, the higher of a premium for you!

But no matter your age, it is smart to have a good life insurance plan. If you have have a american-3577500_960_720family you shouldn’t leave them high and dry without any type of financial assistance if something were to happen— if you have debt this becomes very important too since if your children are not adults, creditors will take from your estate to pay your debts, potentially leaving them with nothing! Or if you have a mortgage, you’ll want your family to be able to either keep up with the payments for the foreseeable future or to be able to buy the family home outright. So as I was taught in Boy Scouts: always be prepared, in all aspects of your life (Even Life insurance)!

By Aaron Young
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Can You Get A Home Warranty for Free?

architecture-1836070_960_720Yes, there are some situations where you may have free home warranty coverage on your home. These scenarios differ and have their pros (Well…it’s free!) and their cons.

Sometimes when acquiring a new home, a home warranty will be bundled into the sale by your real estate broker or agency, and usually these are given as a thank you/welcome home present. These plans are usually short lived and last only a year on average, so it is worth it to start looking around at what you want during that year!

If you have built the home with a builder sometimes the builder will include it as well to let you know that their build is covered, and you can live in the house with some peace of mind. A lot of times these warranties are limited to certain aspects of the house, such as plumbing, electrical, and air conditioning system— but these types of warranties usually are free and sometimes last longer period of time than one through a real estate agent.handymen-3091826_960_720

If you remortgage your house, your lender may include it as part of their deal with you— but these you usually will have to opt in and these bundled plans will act like a normal home warranty would and can vary in the amount of time it is free!

When you are getting a free warranty, make sure you understand the terms of the warranty and how you can cancel their coverage before/after the period is over. If you find a new warranty that provides more value to you, it might be worth it to get rid of the free warranty and start with one that you prefer, just always keep your eyes and ears peeled for what you want!

By Aaron Young
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